The International Journal of Educational Excellence (IJEE) is open to all scientific articles which provide answers to the main educational and scientific problems currently impacting higher education with the purpose of achieving quality excellence in all areas. Papers will be welcome, regardless of the subject area to which they belong, as long as they entail a contribution, innovation or breakthrough in the development of models for teaching or scientific research within the university environment leading towards social improvement. Research work performed in other educational levels may be also taken into account, as well as they provide an adequate justification and a valid relationship with higher education issues. All papers submitted for publication must be unpublished and original, and should not be under evaluation for publication in other journals. Theoretical work as well as those based on field studies and empirical laboratory experiments contributions, are accepted. All kinds of strategies and methodological approaches may be employed; however the selected method for each research has to be in compliance within the parameters of current scientific and technological research. The review criteria and selection process will mainly assessed the quality of the work under consideration in terms of the following criteria: significant contribution to the object of interest of the journal, a breakthrough to the current scientific knowledge and, ultimately, the contribution to the progress of our society.
Manuscripts should be sent preferably sent in digital format. All manuscripts should be addressed to the journal Editor-in-Chief (email: email@example.com). Prior to submission, publishing standards should be carefully read at the following web site. Only those articles that meet all the requirements and characteristics described at the web site will be accepted. Submission of original digital file will preferably be in RTF format. The .ODF format is also accepted. Other formats (such as DOC, .PDF, etc.) are excluded. In the rare event that the author (s) of an article cannot submit manuscripts electronically, the article shall be traditionally mailed. However, it should include a copy of the article in the previously outlined digital formats. Manuscripts will be sent by postal mail to the following address: International Journal of Educational Excellence (IJEE), Escuela de Educación, Universidad Metropolitana (UMET), PO Box 21150 San Juan, Puerto Rico, 00928-1150.The attention should be directed to: Editor in Chief.
The author (s) of the article should submit one copy of the original article and a statement certifying that the work is original and has not been published before and that it has not been evaluated by another journal editorial committee. The author (s) must also declare that [a] all named authors have materially participated in the development of the research or study that has led to the article, [b] any conflict(s) of interest, and [c] the sources of funding of research presented in the article or of the preparation of the research. They shall also explicitly accept the journal rules of publication and the decision regarding the publication or rejection of an article. The International Journal of Educational Excellence (IJEE) assesses and requires all high international standards of ethical conduct of research and journal publication.
Articles should be submitted in proper English (British or American, however, but a mixture of both will not be allowed), whose length will be at least 3,500 words and a maximum of 12,000, including references, notes, tables and figures. Exceeding this amount of words will be a major negative factor in evaluating the article, although articles exceeding this extension can be exceptionally published if they are properly justified and the work stands out for its quality.
The article must be preceded by an abstract thereof with a minimum of 150 and a maximum of 300 words. It must also be submitted in English language along with Spanish and Portuguese translated versions. The summary should also include five to seven key words in English and Spanish and Portuguese.
Articles of theoretical nature as well as those based on field studies will be accepted, and they will be considered as a positive evaluation element if those articles maintain the classical structure in scientific research papers, consisting of separate sections and subsections (eg. Introduction, Objectives, Methodology, Analysis, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Appendices and Annexes, etc.). However, freedom is offered to the authors to establish the most appropriate structure, depending on the nature and characteristics of their research (and is especially significant in the case of theoretical articles). What is required in all cases is that the division of the article be clearly defined and numbered by the structure 1 (with 1.1, if 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.), 2, 3, etc. Each title and subtitle of the sections and subsections should be clearly identified through the use of spaces.
Standards of quotation, including references, must be governed by the style of the APA (American Psychological Association), contained in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Please see the following examples which are explained within the next paragraph:
Whenever there is a quote of the author or authors of a publication, it should appear in the text in parenthesis followed by the year -for example if a single author is cited (Smith, 2014), if the citation refers to two to five authors (Smith & Brown, 2011 / Smith, Brown & Torrero, 2009), or if there are more than six authors (Smith et al, 2014.) - and the full reference will appear in the list of references at the end of the article. If two or more works are cited, they will appear in the same order in the reference list separated by a semicolon (James, 2001, Smith, 2014). If in the article two or more references by the same author published in the same year are cited, they should be differentiated by lowercase letters (a, b, c, d, etc.) added to the year; in the text quote, the corresponding lower case letter will be used in each specific reference (Smith, 2014a).
If the citation refers to a general idea of the work, or if it is a general reference to an article, book or full investigation, but is not literally quoting a portion of the reference, it is only necessary to refer to the author and year of publication, without specifying the page intervals. If the citation is literally quoting a text from a specific work, the author, year of publication and the page intervals should be entered preceded by "p" for example, according to Smith (2014) "the university teachers with many teaching hours have difficulty in carrying out research work "(p. 379), / in his study he argued that "university teachers with many teaching hours have difficulty in carrying out research work" (Smith, 2014, p. 379) but the author did not show the statistical analysis of the survey results.
In case the direct quotations exceed 40 words it is necessary to set up them within a separate text block, and quotation marks are omitted. It is recommended to begin the quotation on a new line with a tab on the left margin of ½ inch or 1.25 cm, maintaining this margin along the length of the cite. Page intervals should be indicated as described in the preceding paragraph.
Sometimes, in the work, it may be necessary to refer to indirect quotations, i.e. presenting information or ideas of an author who has been picked up and quoted by some other one. In this case, the two authors are cited; starting with the indirect reference, for example, Brown (cited by Smith, 2014, p. 179) suggests that research is essential in university teaching. It is also recommended to find out and cite the original source.
The list of references should appeared at end of the article. With this information, the reader may access any of the sources that have been cited in the main body of the work. Each and every one of the sources cited should appear in the reference list. Similarly, each of the references that appear in this list should appear in the main text of the article at some point.
The references list appears at the end of main body of article, and after two spaces, using the title "References", with the same format as each of the subtitles that make up the work. All lines subsequent to the first line of each entry in the reference list should be indented ½ inch or 1.25 cm. The names of the authors appear inverted (last name then first initial or initials of the first names). The entries in the reference list should be ordered alphabetically according to the first author of each work. If several works by the same author have been cited, these entries should also be collected in chronological order, starting from oldest to the most recent. The full title of the work should be provided, keeping the title used by the publication. Capitalization of all major words of journal titles is recommended.
References should follow the APA guidelines contained in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). In general, the basic forms of citation are as follows:Article in Journal:
Books - Author:
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year of publication). Title of work. Location: Publisher.
Edited Book, No Author:
Editor, A. A., Editor, B. B., & Editor, C. C. (Eds.). (Year of publication). Title of work. Location: Publisher.
Article or Chapter in an Edited Book:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. pages of chapter). Location: Publisher
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of dissertation (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order Number)
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of dissertation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Name of Institution, Location.
Editor, A. A., & Editor, B. B. (Year of publication). Proceedings from Acronym Conference: Title of Conference. Location: Publisher.
Article From an Online Periodical:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number (issue number if available). Retrieved from http://Web address
Article From an Online Periodical with DOI Assigned:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page range. doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000
Chapter/Section of a Web Document or Online Book Chapter:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. In Title of book or larger document (chapter or section number). Retrieved from http:// Web address
Nonperiodical Web Document, Web Page, or Report:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http://Web address
At present, the rules of APA citation are widespread in the field of social research, and its style is the most currently used to cite sources in this area. Therefore in case of any doubt regarding citations, we recommend consulting the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition), where it multiple examples of formats of research papers, text citations, footnotes, references, etc. can be found; here we have offered only general guidelines.
General Format of Manuscripts:
The manuscript should follow the general format not only meeting the scientific requirements requested by this journal but also identifying the best possible characteristics of the article. Submission the manuscript in digital format, or RTF .odf, double-spaced in a standard size paper (8.5 "x 11") or A4 (21 x 29.7 cm) 1 "(or 2 cm) margins, is recommended. Although any easily readable source may be used, the use of Times New Roman 12 point is recommended. The manuscript should include a header at the beginning of the page, providing the main scientific information of the author and the work. These data are:
Title: should be as concise as possible, reporting the content of the article. It should be taken into account that quite often titles are used by scientific database systems and information retrieval, so it is advisable that it contain words directly related to the content of work. It must not contain abbreviations or acronyms that are not widely known. The title should be centered as the first element of the header. The APA recommends that it does not exceed 12 words in length, but if it were required by the nature of the work, it shall not prevent the acceptance of the manuscript.
Name of author (s) and affiliation: should appear in full below the title, separated by a double space using the following format: First Name, Middle Initial (if applicable) and last name (both names if Latin American author (s). Titles (Dr.) or degrees (PhD) may not be used. In order to allow the precise localization of the institution where the research was performed, its full address should appear below the name of each author (City, country, zip code). Finally, below the institution's address, the e-mail of each author should appear.
Mailing address of the corresponding author: In addition to email, full address for correspondence is recommended but not mandatory (telephone numbers, country and local codes). It may appears as a footnote.
Abstract: It should be placed after the name, affiliation and email address of the corresponding author separated by double space. As indicated above, it should have a length between 150 and 300 words. It will be sent in English, Spanish and Portuguese and should summarize the main features of the research work (as a minimum it is advisable to include a summary of the objectives, methodology and results, especially if it is based on fieldwork research). Future research may be included, especially if it has given rise to different questions that invite subsequent effort.
Keywords: will be entered below the summary separated by a double space,. We recommend providing five to seven key words that identify the work more precisely, and may help other researchers to find it in the international databases. The keywords will be sent in English, Spanish and Portuguese, and for their selection it is advisable to use the thesaurus most used in the specialty.
Article: Below the keywords, the author will placed the main body of the text submitted for publication in the International Journal of Educational Excellence (IJEE), in accordance with the recommendations given in this Guide for Authors.
Scientific and professional record of author (s): Placed below the main body of the manuscript leaving three lines and as the last element of the manuscript to be submitted. The scientific and professional background of each author should not be longer than 300 words, specifying recent published papers.
Notwithstanding the guidelines outlined above, it is strongly recommended for preparing manuscripts, to follow the APA style compiled in Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition).
Submission of a manuscript to the International Journal of Educational Excellence (IJEE), implies a previous statement by the authors that the work submitted to the journal is original and unpublished, that it has been the result of the authors’ work, that all the signatories have materially participated in its preparation, and that the manuscript is not under evaluation for publication elsewhere, whatever the media, especially that it is not under evaluation by other scientific journals. All journal rules are also accepted, as well as final the opinion resulting from the academic evaluation of Article whether it is accepted or rejected for publication. The editorial staff of the International Journal of Educational Excellence (IJEE) is not responsible for the opinions, analysis, or results collected by the authors in their articles. It is also assumed that all material in articles are free of copyright rights and therefore it is not responsible for any disputes or claims related to intellectual property rights, which are the sole responsibility of the authors.
The decision to accept or reject the publication of the manuscript will be notified within a maximum period of four months. The notification will be sent electronically (e-mail) to the corresponding author. If accepted for publication, the paper will appear in the next volume of the journal. The articles published in the International Journal of Educational Excellence (IJEE) are digitally edited and will retained all the characteristics of those published in traditional print journals.
The articles appear in PDF format, conveniently typeset and numbered as classical journals. Therefore, in this sense the editors facilitate their distribution of the journal and articles and the scientific citation or its contents according to all current standards, making available to the scientific community, valuable contributions resulting from the research. We can say, that in general, this is a publication that takes advantage of all the benefits that ICT offers for easy editing and distribution, considering also the ecological side of publishing without paper. This means that only those parts that are needed should be printed if the case arises. In addition, the digital format of the articles of the International Journal of Educational Excellence (IJEE) is adapted to the new computer and telematics tools used in scientific and academic contexts, easily allowing information searching, online and bases data indexing, etc. Access to the content of the International Journal of Educational Excellence (IJEE) is free, thereby contributing to the globalization of science and culture.
Sistema Universitario Ana G. Méndez | Universidad Metropolitana | Escuela de Educación, PO Box 21150 San Juan, PR 00928-1150